Murcia is situated on the southeast of Spain. It is bordered by Andalusia in the west, Castile-La Mancha in the northwest and Valencia in the northeast. Southwards of Murcia is the Mediterranean Sea (el Mar Mediterráneo). Murcia covers an area of 11,300km², which accounts for over 2% of Spain’s total area. It has a population of around 1.2 million.
There is one province in Murcia: Murcia. Its capital city is also called Murcia, which is the most densely populated area having around one-third of the total population of the entire region.
Other places of note are:
- Águilas – an old Roman fishing port on the Costa Cálida (the Warm Coast)
- Caravaca de la Cruz – a town with fine examples of Renaissance architecture
- Cartagena – a port established by the Carthaginians
- Lorca – home to some significant examples of baroque architecture.
- San Pedro del Pinatar – one of the top holidaying spots on the Costa Cálida.
Murcia’s terrain is characterised by mountains inland and sandy beaches on the Mediterranean coast. The highest point of the region is the so called Ceiling of Murcia (el Techo de Murcia) at 2,027m in the Revolcadores Massif in the northwest of the region. Of note on the coast is the Mar Menor (the Small Sea). The Mar Menor is a shallow salt water lagoon that extends over an area of 170km², maintaining a temperature between 11ºC in winter to 30ºC during the peak summer months. The largest river in Murcia is the Segura, which begins in Albacete (Castile-La Mancha), entering Murcia at Calasparra in the northwest of the region and heads towards Alicante (Valencia).
Weather in Murcia
The weather in Murcia is largely Meditteranean. The summers are very hot with winters being short and mild. The wettest seasons are spring and autumn.
Murcia’s main economic source is agriculture: Murcia is an important producer of flowers, fruits and vegetables and for internal and European consumption. Wine is produced in Bullas, Yecla, and Jumilla and olive oil is produced in Moratalla.
Murcia became one of the Autonomous Communities in 1982. The official language of the region is Castilian Spanish, however Murciano (the regional dialect) is different from the Spanish standard. In more rural areas some people speak Panocho, which includes many arabic derived words and is barely understood by people from outside Murcia.