Aragon (Aragón in Spanish) is situated in the northeast of Spain. It is bordered by Catalonia in the east, and Valencia in the south. On its western flank are Castile-La Mancha, Castile-Leon, La Rioja and Navarre.
Northwards, it borders France for 136 kms. As a consequence, Aragon has always played a pivotal role as the central passage between Portugal and Spain and the rest of Europe.
There are three provinces in Aragon, Spain: Huesca in the north, Zaragoza in the middle and Teruel in the south. With a surface area of some 47,700 km2 (approximately 9.4% of Spain’s total), Aragon is larger than European countries such as Denmark, Holland and Switzerland. The population of the region is approximately 1,220,000, its capital city being Zaragoza.
Aragon in Spain
The central area consists of the Ebro Basin (la Depresíon del Ebro), in the north are the Pyrenees (los Pireneos) and running southeast to northwest are the Iberian mountains (el Sistema Ibérico).
The mountains of Aragon themselves help to create different climatic zones. The Pyrenees and Iberian mountain ranges are higher, and so are generally cold: snow is a feature here and so skiing and other winter sports are an attraction. By contrast, the large, flat lowland area of the Ebro basin has little rainfall, cold winters and hot summers.
Castilian Spanish is the official language of Aragon, but there is an Aragonese language (Aragonés), which is still spoken in some valleys of the Pyrenees, and is distinct from the Aragonese dialect of Castilian. Catalan (Català, in Catalan) is also spoken in some areas adjacent to Catalonia.